A good proportion of chronic diseases is, in principle, avoidable. We examine the determinants of increased and decreased all-cause and cause-specific mortality. For this purpose we do not restrict to established risk factors like smoking, alcohol abuse and obesity, but also consider alternative and subjective determinants like self-rated health, socio-cultural and environmental factors. Behavioral data is retrieved from studies conducted in the 1970s to 1990s for which a mortality follow-up until 2016 could be established through record linkage with the Swiss National Cohort. A special emphasis is given to anthropometrics and physical activity.